Dados do Trabalho
GROUP-BASED BEHAVIORAL SKILLS PARENT-TRAINING FOR IMPROVING EMOTIONAL AND BEHAVIORAL ADJUSTMENT IN CHILDREN WITH NEUROPSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS
Neuropsychiatric disorders are related with impairment in social, academic and family functioning.
This study aims to explore the process of work in a group-based parent training for children with neuropsychiatric disorders.
It is an observational descriptive case study from 46 parents that were responsible for 42 children aged 3 to 14. The parents received a group intervention during 8 weeks. The data were collected using participant observation and health records. It was verified which were the most relevant themes to be addressed in the care of parents.
Resultados e Conclusões
The primary complaints among children were: changes in family dynamics (23.81%), abuse and neglect (21.43%), disruptive behaviors (19.05%) and anxiety symptoms (11.90%). The most frequent secondary complaints were: disruptive behaviors (52.17%), anxious symptoms (21.74%), depressive symptoms (13.04%), self-injurious behaviors (8.70%) and mixed symptoms (4.35% ). The most frequent previous diagnosis (11.90%) were Epilepsy and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, followed by Oppositional Defiant Disorder (9.52%), Encopresis and Autism Spectrum Disorder (4.76% each). The main themes worked with those parents were: basic human rights; the importance of playing for child development and how to play together; sexual education; unconscious behavioral and family patterns; household chores; marital relationship and sexuality; quality in family interaction and secure attachment; parenting styles; development of social skills applied to parenting; positive discipline; emotional validation; establishing rules and limits and gender and feminism. Approaching parenting from a psychodynamic perspective emphasizes the importance of listening to the parental distress onset to how anguish emerges in the parental phenomenon in each subject and the responses that culture has produced in face of this phenomenon. Each subject, from the elaboration of their history, will respond in a unique way to the forces that the parental field summons. It is necessary to discuss with the parents the gender of the problems they face and what they can expect from their actions, but not tell them precisely what they should do. This type of intervention, focused on aspects related to parenting also allows techniques from other theoretical frameworks can be integrated. Conclusions: These findings highlight the importance of preventive programs in very early childhood in order to improve problem-solving parent skills.
Neuropsychiatric disorders, neuropsychiatric disease, behavioral treatment, parent trainning, group-based
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Fonte de Fomento (se houver)
Fundo Estadual de Saúde do Paraná
Referências (se houver)
Transtornos neuropsiquiátricos e distúrbios de aprendizagem
CAROLINA CORREIA ABATI, LYGIA MARIA PORTUGAL OLIVEIRA, MARIA CECILIA BELTRAME CARNEIRO, FLAVIA CAROLINE FIGEL