Dados do Trabalho
CONVERGENT VALIDATION AND DIAGNOSTIC PERFORMANCE OF A NEW EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONING BEHAVIOR SCALE IN IDENTIFYING CHILDREN WITH ATTENTION-DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER: A POPULATION-BASED STUDY
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms are strongly correlated with and predictive of executive dysfunction. The Executive Function Inventory for Children and Adolescents (EFICA) is a scale recently validated and being used clinically and in research for measuring executive functioning (EF) in children aged 5-18 years.
Herein, a large populational sample of children was used to examine the convergent validation and diagnostic performance of this new instrument in identifying children with ADHD from typically developing children.
Parents and teachers fulfilled validated questionnaires, including the parents' (EFICA-P) and teacher’s (EFICA-T) versions of the EFICA, the Item Teacher and Parent Rating Scale (SNAP- IV), and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) added by the impact supplement. ADHD was ascertained according to DSM-V criteria. Difference between means and correlation analysis among EFICA, SNAP-IV and SDQ were conducted, as well as the assessment of sensitivity (Se), specificity (Sp), and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.
Resultados e Conclusões
Analyzable data were obtained from 3,205 children (93.9% of the target sample), 48% females, aged 5-12 years (M=8, SD=1.96). Compared to non-ADHD controls, children with ADHD showed significantly higher EFICA scores, indicating increased EF impairment. The correlation between the EFICA and SDQ was high (r = 0.72, p < 0.001). The sensitivity, specificity, and the area under the ROC curve were, respectively, 0.9, 0.71, and 0.88 for EFICA-P; and 0.89, 0.81, and 0.88 for EFICA-T.
The EFICA questionnaire performed well in differentiating children with ADHD from non- ADHD controls. The present findings demonstrate promising diagnostic performance of the EFICA scale as an adjuvant measure for ADHD assessment.
Validation; Validity; Specificity; Sensitivity; Executive Functions; Diagnosis; ADHD
Declaração de conflito de interesses de TODOS os autores
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Fonte de Fomento (se houver)
Referências (se houver)
Transtornos neuropsiquiátricos e distúrbios de aprendizagem
Centro Universitário de Votuporanga - São Paulo - Brasil, Instituto Glia - São Paulo - Brasil, Pontifícia Universidade Católica - Rio de Janeiro - Brasil
RENATO ARRUDA, PEDRO CUSTODIO D'AMICO, LOUISE MARQUES, LUIS ANUNCIAÇÃO, MARCO ANTONIO ARRUDA